Monday, November 30, 2015

The History Of The London Theatre

London theater has had a drawn out and colourful anecdote. The inceptive theatre in London was built at Shoreditch in 1576. Fittingly, it was named The Theater. It was constructed on rented land, and as the 21-year rent was Final, attempts were make-believe to resume it. On the contrary, the hotelkeeper wanted to demolish the theatre instead. Vitality a Puritan, he disapproved of theatrical productions in common. Happily for the performers, there was a clause in the introductory let that permitted them to dismantle the constitution and remove it.

The Globe

Members of The Theater's acting troupe dismantled the exhausted building. Its materials would convert the bones of conceivably the most noted London theater of all, The Field. Between 1597 and 1598, occupation proceeded on building The Area on the South Bank of the River Thames. The Field opened in 1599. There were already other theatres and playhouses in career, such as The Rose, which was built in 1587. In those days, performances took apartment in the afternoons, in that there were no theatre lights still. Much, plays were staged in tavern courtyards.

The Globe 2

Great Britain's most celebrated playwright, William Shakespeare (1564-1616) had a stake in The Area. He acted in some of his own plays that were performed there, including the role of the ghost in "Hamlet." During performances, essential canons were fired for appropriate object, high-reaching wires enabled actors to "fly on ice the air" and trapdoors created other entertaining diversions. On the other hand, in 1613, The Existence's thatched roof was ignited by canon glow, and the theatre burned down. The Field 2 was built in 1614, this era with a tiled roof.


In Elizabethan times (1558 to 1603), there was theatricality off folio very as at folio centre. A trumpet would sound curtain epoch. For the convenience of theatergoers, a flagpole would fly a brunet flag to indicate tragedy, a ashen flag for comedy and a cardinal flag for historical presentations. The the Aristocracy could afford to be seated on chairs to wristwatch the plays while the gentry sat on cushions in the galleries, and the least prosperous paid one penny Everyone to stand in the theatre coalmine.

Destruction of Theaters

In 1596, usual presentations of plays were banned within London's conurbation limits. There was increasing disenchantment with the "bawdy" area of attending the theatre, because venues were generally very gambling dens and places of prostitution. The writing was on the wall for the London theatre, as the English Civil War approached between the Puritans, led by Oliver Cromwell, and the Royalists, who supported King Charles I. It is renowned as the venue for some of the great musicals of our time---notably "My Fair Lady" from 1958 to 1963, with Rex Harrison and Stanley Holloway among the original cast members.

The London Palladium

The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, is one of the many London theaters owned by The Really Useful Group, headed by Lord Andrew Lloyd Webber. The Really Useful Group also owns the London Palladium, which was established in 1910.

The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane

In 1663, the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, was established by a royal charter from King Charles II. It was destroyed by fire in 1672. Its replacement, built in 1674, survived for more than 100 years before it was demolished. A third theater, built in 1794, also burned to the ground 15 years later. The fourth and present Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, was built in 1812. In 1642, all stage plays were suppressed, and in 1644, The Globe 2 was demolished. By 1648, orders went out To shatter all playhouses. The death of Oliver Cromwell in 1658 would lead to the reopening of theaters and the restoration of the English monarchy under King Charles II in 1660.

Over the years, the London Palladium has hosted a long list of top performers from America, including Harry Houdini, George Burns and Gracie Allen, Jack Benny, Louis Armstrong, Laurel and Hardy, Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland, and Bob Hope. In 1968, Sammy Davis Jr., starred in "Golden Boy," the first major musical show at the Palladium.

Theater District

There are more than 40 theaters in London's theater district, better known as the West End or Theatreland. The Ambassadors Theatre, which dates back to 1913, is known for the record-breaking production of Agatha Christie's "The Mousetrap," which ran between 1952 and 1973. Other London theaters include the Fortune established in 1924; the Piccadilly, 1928; the Duchess, 1929; the Phoenix, 1930; and The National Theatre, 1963.